Understanding The Problems That Might Cause Septic Failure In Your Home
The septic system of your home is a waste treatment solution with many different components. Some of these components fail due to causes like lack of maintenance, incorrect installation or poor soil quality. Drain fields are one of the costliest components of a septic system to have replaced, so it is good to know what problems may cause failure. Here are some of the problems that may lead to drain field failure of your septic system:
1. Shallow Drain Fields That Leach Up from Soils and Cause Problems in Landscaping
The drain field of your septic system has to be a certain depth to ensure the effluent filters through the soil. When the drain lines are not buried deep enough, this can cause the waste to leach up from the soil. In the area where shallow drain lines are located, the effluent will cause smells, muddy patches in the landscaping, and an environment that is perfect for insects and pests that carry diseases. If you have shallow drain field lines, there are a couple of things that can be done to deal with the problem. You may have the soil depth raised by adding backfill to the area. Another option to deal with shallow drain field problems is to have a mound system installed, which is ideal when bedrock limits soil depths or if the old lines are outdated and need to be replaced.
2. Poor Soil Percolation That Causes Drain Fields to Not Filter Effluent Efficiently
Poor soil percolation is a problem that is caused by the soil where your septic system is located not filtering the effluent as needed. When your system fails a percolation test, it is likely that a new alternative waste treatment system will be needed. There are options like contained systems, aerobic treatment systems or engineered wetland systems. You will want to talk with a septic service like Kemphaus Water Solutions about the type of system that will be right for the waste treatment needs of your home.
3. Collapsed or Damaged Drain Lines That Cause Blockages and Septic Tank Problems
If you have an older home, then it is likely that the septic system is also older. The old septic system designs may have many different problems, such as single drain tile pipes, which are prone to collapses and damage. Today, the drain tiles that are installed are a complete chambered design with filtration medium and covers to prevent collapsing and damage of the drain field system. If you have an older system, it is probably a good idea to have it completely replaced.
With good maintenance routines and professional installation, you can be sure that your septic system will last for years. Contact a septic service to help with your septic system needs, like maintenance, installation and repairs.